Thursday, December 9, 2010

Cadillac Commercial

Here is an advertisement for a Cadillac Escalade, a very popular car in America. Like most American commercials, this is very technical and over the top, in order to 'wow' their target audience and make everyone want one. The fact that the car manages to escape missiles and then scares away the robot made out of the missiles gives the impression to its buyers that this car is invinsible and can defeat anything, showing how exaggerating commercials can make a product more appealing to the potential buyers.

The type of car you drive can define can give you a certain appearance. And Americans care how other people see them, and owning a big and expensive car portrays them as successful and powerful. Although this car has the same use value as every other car, to drive to a destination, Americans have always been prepared to spend money in order to buy Cadillac Escalades, a they are percieved as very American. In America, everythng is shown to be bigger and better than anywhere else in the world,and cars are no difference. Escalades are very big 4x4 cars, mainly created to go off road, but the Escalade is used in order to 'show off' and boast about high income rates rather than its original pupose. This shows American want and need to be the best, and how it can be percieved as consuming expensiv items is a competition in their eyes.

These cars are very popular in America, as it is a very large country, and a large car is helpful for long journeys. But big cars like these mean big emission pollution, leading to global warming. But this does not stop American's buying these cars, showing the importance of the way Americans wish to be viewed.

Nike (Just Do It)

Nike is a very popular sportswear or equipment supplier based in the United states, that has traveled all around the world and it is recognised by the simple, unique signature Nike tick. Also Nike is recognised for its famous slogan 'Just do it'. its trade mark are their shoes. However depending where you, these shoes have different values. For example wearing a pair of Nike shoes out in town just for casual wear and not actually playing sports, in the UK, is seen as very common thing to do. And if your in full on Niked out gear, head to toe. Then you'll look very 'Chavy' and properly laughed at. While in America its not looked strangly at all, and most likely more cooler to wear that perticular brand.

Nike is known for their engouragement in sports for the younger generation and getting them more involved and keeping them fit. Below is a infamous commercial involing Nike shoes and their then, newist type of shoe.

Wednesday, December 8, 2010

Blogs are a bit behind folks - not everyone has done Alger and no posts on consumer items yet

Coca Cola Christmas Advert

Christmas is always a magical time of year, with lots of presents, great food and drink and a good helping of Christmas cheer. But there's one event that signals Christmas every year and that is the Coca Cola Christmas television advert. The Christmas Coca Cola Advert 2010 is usually broadcast from mid-November throughout December.

The advert features the iconic delivery trucks that are associated with America. These ones are red and inscribed with the Coca Cola name and decorated with electric lights, driving through a snowy landscape and causing everything that they pass to light up and people to watch as they pass through.

It is not just the trucks and landscape that make the advert appealing but also the music "Holidays are coming" is a catchy upbeat jingle.

Coke's advertising is very pervasive, and one of the company's goals was to ensure that everyone on Earth drank Coca-Cola as their preferred beverage. This is especially true in southern areas of the United States, such as Atlanta where Coke was born.

Within this advert you see many things representing Christmas and magic but they also they show America within, by helping the man struggling with the lights, helping the children in the woods find their way and the man bonding with his son. I also think that the advert uses the children to represent the innocence of the drink mixing it in with Christmas. It's fun, it's exciting. The drink gets the children excited just as much as Christmas does. And also if Santa drinks it then anyone can!

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Horatio Alger

The Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans is dedicated to the simple but powerful belief that hard work, honesty and determination can conquer all obstacles. Today, through its Members, the Association continues to educate our nation's young people about the economic and personal opportunities afforded them by the promise of the American free enterprise system. Through its scholarship programs, the Association encourages students to pursue their own version of the American Dream. While providing scholarship opportunities, Association Members mentor the Scholars and underscore the importance of service to others. The Members work directly to provide promising young people with the support, education and confidence needed to realize their aspirations.

The link below is one taken from the Horatio Alger Association website which shows how one of their members have worked their way up from humble starts, with no running water and living in a house with three rooms with a large family.

The Horation Alger Association also provides scholarships to help young people who are who in fincancial need, to be eligible for one of these scholarships clearly you have to be in financial dificulty, but the main criteria is that you have to be a United States citizen and that you have to show that you will work hard, and want to work hard.

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Horatio Alger

Horatio Alger was a 19th Century author who wrote Juvenile tales about bootblacks, newsboys and buskers who start living on the streets of New York and end up living in a middle class society.

In the early 20th Century Dr Kenneth Beebe and Dr Norman Vincent Peale were inspired by Alger's stories, and they founded the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans Inc.
The company was established in 1947 and their aim was to give people the chance to pursue their own dreams and keep the hope of the American Dream alive. They provided many awards to men and women who extend the Horatio's values of freedom, education and opportunity.
In 2007 the Horatio Alger State Scholarship program extended to 29 states.

This Scholarship is for families in critical financial need. With this they get the opportunity to send their children to college and allow them to get the education they need in able to get a good job.

This would have been perfect for the character of Ragged Dick. He would have been able to get off the streets and get into an education and have some stability in life.
This Scholarship gives people the opportunities and the luck that were given to Dick.

This is a video of one student who was helped by the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans Inc.

Thursday, November 25, 2010

Gun control/lack of gun control in the USA

Firstly the website I chose to discuss is clearly pro-guns as it lists some of the states as examples saying that when restrictions are placed on guns then the problems start. Clearly we cannot tell if this is true as websites are not 100% reliable, but it states that New Jersey passed what was considered to be "the most stringent gun laws in the USA" and how as a result of this two years later the murder rate went up by 46% and how the robbery rate doubled. The website then goes on to say why should the government have control of somebodys gun and how what a citizen should do if the police aren't there. Quite clearly the main message of this website is pro-guns, it is message to President Obama aswell saying there shouldn't be control on guns as the crime rate increases.

Secondly the website I chose to portray the other side of the argument is from the violence policy center website. Firstly you can tell this website is very anti-guns as the subheading of the website is "Unsafe in any heads" clearly stating that anyone can cause harm/kill if they are in possesion of a gun. The main message of this website is that the main problem is hand guns - how they are easy to obtain, can be concealed with ease and they are also relatively inexpensive. This is a quote from the website: "More than two out of three of the one million Americans who died in firearm-related homicides, suicides, and unintentional shootings since 1962 were killed with handguns—i.e., 667,000" The use of putting a significantly large number within the website would make people side on the anti-gun side of the argument. Futhermore within the website many 'facts and figures' are used to show how many people have died from a firearm.

To sum it up there are good points on both sides of the argument, and whether you are anti/pro gun control is a matter of personal opinion.

Gun Control in USA

Is a website which is dedicated to "Bringing Gun Owners Together", and is obviously a pro-gun viewed Website/show as the webiste said's name being called, Guns 4 Good. The webiste has a few goals, mainly ones of bringing stories and expierances of firearm interactions together to help the public aware and learn from these apprant 'Experts'. However these stories are very repetive and almost exactly the same, Bad guy comes in house, threatens with gun, Good guy pulls his gun... Its the basic understanding of self-defence that says. If i have a gun, I can protect my family. Which is fair enough.,9171,996903,00.html

The Times website has an artical called 'Mothers Against Guns'. The article starts with a hardhitting realisation that the youngest victoms of accdental shootings are involoved with a child playing with loaded guns. These concerd morthers also unite and bring their stories and experiences together. Which is also fair enough, as they have a right as mothers to be worried about protecting their familys just as much as having a gun can do that job, or it can distory that family. Either way its a hard arguement.

I personally think that they both have a fair point. I believe it is important to to have faith in the that fact that if your family is every threatend or under attack, you have the ablity to project. Yes, there are other ways or weapons. However for example, people who carrys knifes in defense tend to get shoot at. although i do wonder if no one had an sort of guns it would make life a lot safer, but i reality that turnout does not seem very likely.

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Pro/Anti gun websites in America

The above address is a link to a website that is Anti-gun control. It contains on the homepage a piece on president Obama's veiws on guns and states that he hides behind carefully chosen words and never really has a view on the subject nor does he express future changes to gun control. This to many Americans has become a huge issue as they see it as a given right to bear arms as it is stated in the second Amendment this does not make Obama popular with with gun enthusiasts or even the majority of normal every day Americans who value the 2nd amendment as it holds a strong part in the constitution of America and how it was founded.

The above link, shows a fact sheet taken from the Gun Owners of America website. It was taken in 2004 and tells us that many Americans are pro gun control.
Within the fact sheet there are case studies that have proven anti gun control wrong, mentioning the Brady Law as well as others. It shows many statistics of guns being used in self defense. For example'
Of the 2.5 million times citizens use their guns to defend themselves every year, the overwhelming majority merely brandish their gun or fire a warning shot to scare off their attackers. Less than 8% of the time, a citizen will kill or wound his/her attacker.

It also uses others countries as an example as to why gun control is a positive thing. Gun-free England not such a utopia after all. According to the BBC News, handgun crime in the United Kingdom rose by 40% in the two years after it passed its draconian gun ban in 1997.18 And according to a United Nations study, British citizens are more likely to become a victim of crime than are people in the United States. The 2000 report shows that the crime rate in England is higher than the crime rates of 16 other industrialized nations, including the United States.

Half way down the list you will find Firearms Statistics which shows you % of general deaths.

CSGV stands for
The Coalition to Stop Gun Violence they were formed in 1975 to ban handguns. In 1989 they expanded their efforts to include restrictions on all firearms, the group adopted its new name, Coalition to Stop Gun Violence.
CSGV's membership is made up of 48 national organizationswhich include religious organisations, child welfare advocates and public health professionals.

The website has many issues and campaigns for viewers and readers to look at and also include a way to involved with and donate to the foundation.

After looking at both websites I feel that the Pro control is more stronger and has more information on why and how people have guns. I personally would not want to carry a gun around with me however I would feel safer in my home knowing that I would be able to reach one if needed.

Pro/Anti Gun Website Comparison

One Anti-Gun website that I came across was . Mark Borinsky, who had been robbed and nearly killed at gunpoint, founded the organization in 1974 as the National Council to Control Handguns . The Brady Center believe that it is too easy for dangerous people to obtain dangerous weapons in America. They want to make it harder for convicted felons, the dangerously mentally ill, and others like them to get guns in the first place. They believe that they can accomplish this by exposing corrupt gun dealers who feed the illegal gun market, and they work to strengthen law enforcement's efforts to stop illegal gun market. They also educate the public on gun violence through grassroots mobilisation and outreach to affected communities. Their mission statement is "We are devoted to creating an America free from gun violence, where all Americans are safe at home, at school, at work, and in our communities". The Brady Center works to reform the gun industry by enacting and enforcing regulations to reduce gun violence. They also represent victims of gun violence in court. The Brady Campaign works to pass and enforce federal and state gun laws, regulations, and public policies through grassroots activism, electing public officials who support common sense gun laws, and increasing public awareness of gun violence. The homepage of the website also shows celebrities that support The Brady Campaign beliefs. This is a good way to attract attention from the general public so that the association to gain a bigger fan base and make their changes more likely to occur. There "Take Action" hyperlink also gives ways that the public can get involved in The Brady Center.

The Pro-Gun website that I looked at was . The Gun Owners of America is a non-profit organisation formed in 1975 to preserve and defend the Second Ammendment rights of gun owners and they see firearms ownership as a freedom issue. GOA says that they are not happy with the "status quo" and believe that Americans have lost some of their precious gun rights and they quote "WE WANT THEM BACK". Another quote that particually stands out is "GOA has never wavered from its mission to defend the Second Amendment -- liberty's freedom teeth, as George Washington called it" Over the last 30 years, GOA has built a nationwide network of attorneys to help fight court battles in almost every state in the nation to protect gun owner rights. GOA staff and attorneys have also worked with members of Congress, state legislators and local citizens to protect gun ranges and local gun clubs from closure by overzealous government anti-gun bureaucrats. There is also a "Take Action" hyperlink on this website so the general public can get involved and help increase Gun Owners of America's influence on gun rights.

After looking through these websites, I find that the Pro-Gun website is a more convincing narrowly. America is a nation in which propaganda is essential in making peoples minds up for them. When reading through the Pro-Gun website's aims and background, they use phrases as "WE WANT THEM BACK" and " Strength comes with numbers, and the more concerned Americans join GOA, the more we can do to protect the Second Ammendment and OUR freedom. We need you!". This gives me the opinion that Americans have been 'robbed' of their guns and their rights, and makes me feel as if we should get them back. The words chosen by GOA makes the adrenaline pump, and makes people feel like action is needed. The Anti-Gun website on the other hand choose to convince the general public via sympathy, and by posting unfortunate events that have occured due to gun violence, but i feel that it is not enough to tear Americans away from their fabric of gun loving.

Sunday, November 21, 2010

Pro tea party video

This video is a pro-tea party video which I chose to talk about it as it is very biased towards the tea party movement and has a key political figure talking throughout - Sarah Palin. Firstly this video is very pro tea party as the first image which is shown is thousands of people listening in to a talk, therefore trying to show there is alot of support for the party and that anyone who joins them will make a change. Secondly one of the key criticisms of the tea party is that they are racist, mainly because the majority of the party is made up of white people. This video directly targets this as it has people from different ethnic backgrounds being shown in the video.

Futhermore Sarah Palin describes the tea party movemnt as being a 'call to change' and how 'the sole of the party is the people' therefore making people think that they can make a difference, that Sarah Palin herself and other supporters for the tea party are just thinking about the american people, that they have no other agenda. Thus gaining more supporters for them. Another criticism of the tea party is that it is mainly for middle class people and above, in the video this stereotype is targeted by making mention of a wide variety of jobs, many of them typically described as being for the working class.

Lastly the main focus of this cideo is pro people and anti government.

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

Anti-Tea Party Video

Here is a video of some of the negative comments one of the Tea Party's organisation 'Freedom Works' recieved. As you can hear in the video, very harsh words are used which tells us that there our people in America that completely despise the Tea Party and everything it stands for. Most rivalries and hate emerges because of a difference between the people, and the hate against the tea party is no different. One of the main causes of this tension is government bailouts. The tea party is completely against pumping tax payers money into American companies (such as reforming healthcare), but the anti tea party activists see it as a way of stabilising American jobs and economy in the long term. Another cause of this hatred is through discrimination. The Tea Party thinks that gay marriage should not be allowed, and are also against current President Obama's policies of working with Muslim countries, portraying an image that they discriminate minorities. The Tea Party are also anti-Obama, claiming he is a tyrant and was not born in America so should not be President, raising race issues within the Party. Anti Tea Party activists believe in the complete opposite, and that by going back to the same policies of the founding fathers will only rewind everything America has accomplished to become a super power in the world today.

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

This video is about giving voice to the Tea Party. Gathering images of signs and pictures to relate to the lyrics and making a music video.
The video shows what the tea party stands for and what could happen if they didn't win. The song was for the 9-12 march in Washington DC.

The video starts by referring back to 1773 and asking the question "What would the founding fathers do?" and begins by singing about the Boston Tea Party. It then moves into the 21st century with the younger generation and the older generation holding up sign expressing their feelings.
Some of the lyrics include "It's time to ring the bell, wave the flag, raise some hell..... If we're not free then you tell me what are we?" I think this means that they mean business and it's time to listen up.

In the video above, Bill Maher on his show talks about how The Tea Party as a group need to stop being called a 'movement' and how in reailty its futher from that. Maher believes they should be called a Cult. Basically Bill is saying that the tea party have no conclusive goal that they're are aiming for that could be legislated. He also contuines to talk about how this party is about reducing taxing and how the Obama Administration is not doing that at all, but the fact of the matter is that under Obama tax reduction has actually happend, and that 98% of the party are compeletly wrong.

Friday, November 12, 2010

The tea party

I have chosen this video of "Tea Party" enthusiasts for my blog because I find it interesting as it both gives voice to but also critisies the Tea Party movement, it may not openly critise but it definetly is inferred. The clip is from a news report the reporter interviews members and asks them various questions on politcs and laws and what their oppinions on the matter are. Most if not all are portrayed negatively as they seem unsure of facts and their views are far fetched and extreme. In the video the members are dressed up as patriots, their holding banners and posters, their waving te American flag - this displays to the rest of the America how patriotic they are. It's a very flamboyant way of protesting and shows how passionate they are.

The clip opens with a young boy holding a poster which reads "4 years old and I'm already in debt to China" - This goes to show how passionate members are that they allowand use their own children to display their beliefs. The Tea party are conservative/libertarian which is considered to be very right wing in matters. Tehy for example are very much about doing business within America. They believe strongly on clamping down on Immigration laws. The majority do not agree with Obama's engaging with muslim countries and they do not approve of gay and lesbians having the right to legally be married. These are but some of their beliefs they are extrmeme and do not paint a postive image of the Tea Party, andit is hard to consider them as a serious politcal party when theirviews are so warped and backwards.

Thursday, November 11, 2010

Ron Paul, 2008

Ron Paul is an American Republican Congressman. He has run for being President of America twise, Once in 1988 and also in 2008. Paul is a member of the liberty caucus which basicly means that he want to limit the size of federal govermeant and also the size of its scope. Paul is mainly known for being quite a liberal Republican, who doesn't believe in the Bush administration. Paul to have quite a large backing for his 2008 Presidential campaine, however attention from traditional media was ignored. For example, Fox news did not invite him to a GOP debate featuring all other Presidential candidates of that moment. Below is a video of Ron Paul's Apperance on an American morning talk show called, "The View" talking about a controversial issue, Abortion.

However on June 12, 2008, Paul withdrew is bid for the rebuplican nominations saying that his time working on this was better spent on improving the condition of America.
Resantly, Ron Paul's son, Rand Paulwas elected senator for Kentucky on November 2, 2010.

Wednesday, November 10, 2010

Mike Oliverio is a conservative democrat from West Virginia.

In the campaign video Oliverio is Introducing himself as a man from west virginia he already has made an attempt to reach to a particular audience in stating were he is from. He then addresses the issue of unemployment in the steel works industry and uses scapegoats such as illegal workers and China as the result of them being run out of business. To workers who have lost their jobs this would be a postive campaign for them to vote for as they would see Oliverio as someone they can relate to as he has picked up on the loss of jobs as an issue and provided them with someone to blame. He makes the point of being isolated from other countries and doing business within America. This will be appreciated and repected by Americans who are very patriotic. He ends his campaign with the promise to "stand up and fight for American jobs" This will speak to alot of americans as unemployment is high.

Mike Oliverio lost the general election to GOP chairman David McKinley.

This is the video of Joe DioGaurdi who ran for US Senate 2010. The announced at Grand Central Station in New York City that he was seeking the Republican nomination. His campaign was not just about winning the Republican senatorial nomination in New York or unseat Senator Kirsten Gillibrand. DioGaudi says he is running to save America from bankruptcy and to keep the American Dream.
DioGuardi pledged to raise over $10 million in his campaign.

Unfortunately DioGaurdi didn't win the election which brought people to think the New Yorkers want quality and substance and then just vote for a pretty face. The quote below is from his statement after the vote was counted. However he was pleased that what he believed in had shined a light on the issues in New York.

"We cannot continue to bankrupt taxpayers, overburden job creators or jeopardize the American dream. We cannot continue to enact legislation that pushes our economy towards the brink, puts our children into debt, or limits our potential and that of America."

Bill White For Texas Governor 2010

This is a video on education by Democrat and former Houston mayor Bill White during his 2010 campaign for the governor of Texas In this video, White shortens his name and has a very relaxed demeanour throughout this video to be seen as a more relatable figure to his audience. He also throws in statistics and other key information so that he can clearly get his point across and show the audience he has realised the problems Texas are facing in education and speaks about how they can be solved, one of these solutions being better technology. His quote "we cant afford to stay still" tells the audience that their education policies and ratings are something to be worried about, and something needs to be done, and he believes he is the bets man for the job as he has a very respectable political background. Close up's are also used in this video so you can see the sincerity in White's face, to show his audience that he is commited and determined to make Texas a better place for everyone.

Although winning the Democratic nomination in March 2010, White was defeated by incumbent Republican Governor Rick Perry by a significant margin during the 2010 Texas gubernatorial election on November 2nd.

This is the campaign video for Senator Carl Levin. He has been Michigans senator since 1995, he was re-elected in 2008 for his sixth term which will end in 2015, he has served longer than any other senator in Michigan. In his campaign video the main focus point is about jobs, mainly saving them, not only is that his main message but the way he gets it accross is very important. He uses a wide variety of people, both of mixed genders and mixed races therefore more people can relate to the campaign video, and therefore in turn winning him more votes.

Futhermore the use of him being called simply Carl makes it less formal, and therefore making ordinary citizens feel they can relate to him more and that he is just an ordinary guy who is trying to help them out. I do find it interesting that Carl Levin himself is only in the campagin video right at the end, and for a very short amount of time. This could be for a variety of reasons, maybe he isn't a good public speaker or maybe he feels that he will gain more votes if ordinary people are 'proving' what he has done to help boost the economy and their jobs.

Clearly though this campaign is working as he is Michigans longest serving senate.

Monday, November 8, 2010

Please note that because we have had to juggle the weeks in the module schedule, week 7's task is as follows:

Find, post and comment on any recent US campaign video made by a candidate in the 2008 or 2010 elections. Your first choice should not be Obama or McCain - try to find a campaign video in support of a Senator or a Congressman. They do not have to be the winner, but make sure you know what the result was. Also make sure you comment both on its content and on its style.

If you don't know how to embed Youtube videos, now is the time to learn. If you look under any video you will see a bar which includes the word "Embed". Click on it and it will highlight a code which you can then copy and paste into your blog post. The video should then appear directly in your post - no link required. Try it.

Wednesday, November 3, 2010

Women As The Other!

Throughout most of history women generally have had fewer legal rights and career opportunities than men. Becoming a wife and a mother were seen as a woman's major role in life.
In the 20th century, however, women in most nations won the right to vote and increased their educati
onal and job opportunities. They also fought to change the traditional views of their role in society.

Women for a long time were considered weaker than men. We were seen as squeamish, and unable to perform work which required strength or intelligence. In most societies, domestic chores were left for women to do, while heavier labor such as hunting and farming were left to men. But tests now suggest that women have a greater tolerance for pain, and statistics reveal that women live longer and are more resistant to many diseases. Traditionally a middle-class girl in Western culture tended to learn from her mother's example that cooking, cleaning, and caring for children was the behavior expected of her when she grew up.

Maternity has traditionally been regarded as their major role as well. Resulting in the stereotype that "a woman's place is in the home". However if we look at women today they have the opportunity to go on to further education and finding a stable job before getting married and having children.
By 1985 women were earning 49 percent of all degrees and about 33 percent went on to achieve higher degrees. In 1989 about 53 percent of all college students were women, more than one quarter of whom were above age 29.

Furthermore in role of women changed because we got the right to vote, and wear trousers and dress like men, and become more popular in a male lead world e.g. Politics or Law Enforcement. It is thanks to people such as Annie Oakley, Eleanor Roosevelt and Katherine Hepburn that we have had the chance to grow and change our society as women.
Although in the 21st Century women are still fighting to become more like and behave like the male role for example some ask the question, " Is Sarah Palin the 21st Century symbol of American women in politics?"

There are a variety of American television shows that we can compare and watch to see how women have changed and become more powerful over the last 50 or so years.
For Example: I love Lucy 1951 and Desperate Housewives 2005.

Homosexual Americans

This website represents the views if homosexuals over time, as not only does it explain key terms associated with homosexuality, it futhermore gives a brief history of homosexuality in the US;
  • In 1990, three states Texas, Kentucky, and Michigan repealed their laws outlawing homosexual practices.
  • By 2000 28 states, homosexual practices are legal, six outlawed certain "deviate" practices - (sodomy).
  • June 2003: 4 states still criminalized homosexual sodomy
  • June 2003: Lawrence v. Texas- Supreme Court overturns 1986 Bowers v. Hardwick: States cannot criminalize homosexual sodomy, specifically
  • At the present time 87 cities or countries have passed ordinances prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
  • Nine states also extend legal civil rights protection to gays.
  • 2003: Canadian Parliment "endorses" gay marriage. USA--evenly split?
  • But, some jurisdictions (Cincinnati) specifically prohibit laws from being passed that protect homosexuals from discrimination.
  • Nationally, a majority of Americans favor the passage of equal-rights laws protecting homosexuals against job discrimination, by a margin of almost two to one - 62% favor, 32% oppose.
  • However, two-thirds (65%) also believe that "too much attention is being paid" to the issue of homosexual rights and less than half say that they would vote for homosexual candidate (48%), allow their child to watch a TV program with a homosexual character in it (46%), attend religious services presided over by gay clergy (42%), allow there child to attend a preschool that had homosexual staff members (42%) and see a homosexual doctor (39%).

SO: Most Americans are against discrimination against gays, but admit they would practice it themselves.

I find the bit at the end of this extract particularly interesing as it shows that even today most americans would show prejudice towards gay. This going against the typical liberal american ideas of freedom, liberty ect as a homosexual person wouldn't feel comfortable admitting they were gay incase they recieved discrimination. Therefore showing equality is still an issue in modern day America.

Throughout the website the issue of homosexuality in different aspects of life is explored such as gay marriage, gays in the military, they even discuss the cause of homosexuality. Therefore this represent the views and deepens our understanding of a minority group - homosexuals

Tuesday, November 2, 2010

Outisde minority in America

The Hispanics population are now the largest minority in America even surpassing Afircan American. According to

Hispanics compined neraly 13 persent of the american population, which "Grew to 284.8 million in july 2001. Thats up from 35.3 million, or 12.5 percent of the counrty's 281.4 residents in April 2000. However this artical is dated Jan, 21, 2003. therefore the persent of Hispanics have grown by a far greater meaning.

For example in the entertainment indrusty, there are far more Hispanic indviduals that are addmirded throuht main stream tv/films, Such as Ugly Bette, played by America Ferrera, whos is an Hispanic American. more examples are Eva longoria Parker, Eva Mendes and even Avatar's Michelle Rodriguez. Who have all struggled throught stero-typed casting.

An example of Hispanics struggle is seen in the new realsed film 'Machete' driceted by Robert Rodriguez (also Hispanic) which deals with the Hispanic community trying to fit in with the american socitey however being rejected my head polotions trying to get rid of them, which is one of the fundemental themes of this movie. However many American were disgraced with the Race row portayed throught the movie, even though it is clearly and exploytation movie. The Hispanic community are still an minority. Outside of America in european media, i can only think of one example where a Hispanic character is in power, in the show, 'Glee' where every single type of American is protrayed. The Hispanic Head Cheerleader, Santana performed by Naya Rivera, is protrayed as the 'hottist Mean girl' which i personaly have never seen any one from that background with that sort of power before.

Hispanics and latinos as minorities in America.

I have decided to choose hispanics and latinos as minorities in America to discuss. I feel like a lot of television and media give them a bad press and portray them in a negative light as if they are a burden to society. A major issue raised in America concerning hispanics is the huge increasing number of illegal imigrants fleeing into the country and the birth rates they have. Not only does this create problems with border control and imigration office but it also divides the hispanic commutiy of America. When asked in a survey what should be done with illegal imigrants caught the views differed quite substantionally with a suprising 53% of hispanics exspressing the view that if caught illegally in the country they should be made to pay a fine in order to stay in contrast to that 13% thought that they should be deported.

In America the hispanic community is the fastest growing. 15.5% of the overall population is hispanic making it the largest minority community. Hispanics in America contribute hugely to the work force as they are the most used people used to work labour as they find it harder to get work they agree to do it for less money this has a positive effect on the economy of America but has a negative effect on other Americans.

Taken from the website are the figures of how the hispanics have been voted over the past ten years in presidential lections. "By now, it is well understood among political leaders that the Hispanic population is emerging as a crucial swing constituency. In 2008, Hispanic voters represented about 9 percent of all voters, a substantial increase over previous years, yet still well below the influence those voters could have if they registered and voted at comparable rates to non-Hispanics. But the trend lines are clear. Hispanic voter registration efforts are getting more and more voters to the polls and natural growth ensures that in all future elections Hispanics will represent an ever larger voting bloc. As importantly, Hispanics don’t vote monolithically for one party. President Bush carried nearly half of the Hispanic vote in 2000 and it made all the difference in close states like Florida and New Mexico. In 2008, President Obama carried over 70 percent of the Hispanic vote and again it proved decisive in states like Colorado that swung from the Republican to the Democratic column for the first time in years."

This shows a significant change in ethnic minorites and politics. Politcal parties now see the hispanic vote as a neccessary gain and the difference between winnig and loosing.

Homosexuals As "Others"

Homosexual's have been continually frowned upon over the years all other the world. So it is legitimate to class homosexuals as "others" as they have not always been treated with the same respect as the majorities.

The history of homosexuality is a short history. It was during the 1860's and 70's when European administrators began noticing that some people were organising their lives not around family, household and reproduction but around various forms of sexual pleasure. Capitalism can be seen as the stimulus of this change, as capitalism tended to draw people off the land into cities away from families and parishes. Officials began to study this, and homosexuals quickly became the target of medical, legal and psychiatric intervention. During the Nazi's reign, hundreds of thousands of homosexuals were killed in concentration camps. In the US, Los Angeles, New York and San Francisco were the best-known communities as most migrated for jobs (often army based) and once there they were forced to live outside traditional family structures for long periods of time. After World War Two, thousands of homosexuals were dishonorably discharged from the armed services, showing that there is segregation in the army. The first known homosexual political organisation in the U.S was Mattachine Society founded in 1950 in L.A. Police constantly brutalised gay people, and public disclosure of homosexuality was enough to get most people fired from their jobs. Once again this shows complete segregation in America. Homosexuality was one of many minority groups that treated in this way. It wasn't until 1973 that homosexuality was taken off the medical illness list, showing that some Americans were too naive to accept it as a way of life.

The websites that I used were very helpful. Both of them gave me a great insight of the history and the struggle that homosexuals had to go through in order to be seen as "equal" in the USA. Lists of specific dates are given, and this helps show just how must progress was made during different events and situations. The fact that gay-marriage was only recently made legal tells me that Americans are still quite unsure about homosexuality, and for many decades, saw homosexuality as a disadvantage to people.,9171,835069,00.html

Wednesday, October 27, 2010


Really pleased to see the posts made. We can have a good discussion based on these. Well done

Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Crevecouer's ideas in Modern America

From 'letters from an American Farmer' Letter III, pg 44, Crevecouer wrote about what it is to be an American, "The American is a new man, who acts upon new principles; he must therefore entertain new ideas and form new opinions."

Madonna ( is the perfect example of the themes protrayed in Crevecouer's book. In 'Letters From An American Farmer' Crevecouer talks about the ideology of noveity in America, For example, The New World, new oppotunities. And also the idea of starting a fresh and be whoever you wanted to be. This is shown in today society throught people like Madonna and Lady GaGa. Where Most American's are very fickle, Getting tired of the same thing, very quickly. Espically within Adderlessance. This is were the idea of Reinventing one's idenity over and over again. Like many Pop icons like Madonna have. Early Madonna was Very pop and fresh! Reinventing herself she became edgy, as seen in her infomous 'Vogue' video. America is fasninated with Orignial ideas and people starting a new, as it is the basses of what their country was founded apon.

De Crevecoeur Today!

Ricky Gervais is one of the worlds most famous comedians. However before he made it in America he was known as 'that guy who plays David Brent in The Office and does that dance.'

So why not just stay in England?

Because now we know him as an actor, writer, producer, comedian, host and author.
America accepted the 'David Brent' character and created their own version of The Office, therefore making Ricky Gervais a household name.
He has won countless awards including 4 Emmys and 7 BAFTA's to name a few. He became the first person to host the Golden Globes (award show in America), and he currently has an animation series of his podcast with Karl Pilkington and Stephan Merchant.

According to De Crevecoeur in the 18th Century the only chance of 'making it' in England is if you have good family connections, have a title or go to the right school.
"It is not composed as in Europe,of great Lords who possess everything and of a herd of people who have nothing. Here there are no aristocratical families, no courts, no kings, no bishops..." (pg40)

De Crevecoeur believed that America held a dream that England didn't. America gave you freedom and self sufficiency whereas in England you are put into a class and can work hard for no reward. "...they receive ample rewards for their labours." (pg43)

Many people still believe this theory today. There is a better life for them in America then in England.
Ricky Gervais is one of many English people who are more recognised after going to America e.g. Hugh Laurie, Helen Mirren, and Richard Branson. And not just the English but others from all over the world, Nicole Kidman, Enrique Iglesias and Arnold Schwarzenegger.
"He is an American, who, leaving behind all his antiend prejudices and manners, recieves new ones from the new mode of life he has embraced, the new goverment he obeys and the new rank he holds. He becomes an American by being recieved in the broad lap of our great alma mater. Here indivduals of all nations are into a new race of men, whose labors and posterity will one day cause great changes in the world." (pg44)

"This the work of my countrymen ... they brought along with them their national genius, to which they principally owe what liberty they enjoy and what substance they possess" This extract from De Crevecours 'Letters from an American farmer' touches upon the transission and progression that has been made in America by the setterlers. It portrays the popular belief that anything is possible in America.
If America wasn't founded the way it was then maybe it wouldn't be possible for anyone there no matter what background,race,socail class or gender they are to acheive anything.
One famous person in America who is truely living the american dream is chat showhost Oprah Winfrey.Born out of wedlock she was raised by her grandmother in impovrished conditions,spent time in juveile detention home.She now is now is one of the richest people in America.

De Crevecoeur and expansion of materialism

The website which I chose to discuss which is about the new and expectional as typically american is the 'Macy's' store website. The reason I believe for this is the founder of Macy's - Rowland Hussey Macy started off as someone wanting to start their own business, and it ultimately turning into a multimillion pount department store. This is much like in Crevecoeur Letters from an American Farmer;
"Here he see's the industry of his native country displayed in a new manner, and traces, in their works the embroyes of all the arts, sciences, and ingenuity, which flourish in Europe" This backs up Macy's store as on the homepage of the website there are many things being advertised, not just one object such as clothes.

The fact that Macy's store sells many products shows the typical american ideal of always wanting something more, something bigger and better. Also this reflects todays modern day society of greed and always wanting something new and exceptional.

Futhermore another quote from Crevecoeur backs up this idea of the new and exceptional being typically American;
"Here he beholds fair cities, substantial villages, extensive fields, an immense country filled with decent houses, good roads, orchards, meadows and bridges, where, a hundred years ago, all was wild, woody, and uncultivated!" This quote shows the developement of america, if you take this into a modern day view this would be the rapid expansion of materialism and the want for more, thus showing greediness. Typically Americans are always wanting to be bigger and better than the rest of the world.

De Crevecouer and The American Dream.

Opinions vary whether the "American Dream" still exists in America today. The idea that whatever your race, whatever your nationality and whatever your background and upbringing was should never hold you back from reaching your potential and fulfilling your dreams still very much exists in America. A qoute in De Crevecouer's that particually stands out to me and my theme of the American Dream is " When in England he was a mere Englishman... Here the avenues of trade are infinite". This says to me that there are no hold backs in America. The fact that he compares this land with England and "Just Englishman" tells me that he believes America is a greater place and here anybody can be a somebody.

A fictional example that the American Dream is still alive today and backs up De Crevecouer's quote is Anakin Skywalker from Star Wars. Anakin starts off in the first film as a boy slave from Tatooine, but as the films progress, with hard work, respect (to an extent) and showing potential, Anakin grows stronger and stronger, eventually becoming the most powerful Jedi in the galaxy and controlling an empire. Eventhough he uses his power for the dark side, it is a valid example of "rags to riches", as he came from a slave to a ruler, providing support for De Crevecouer's qoute " Here the avenues of trade are infinite".

Another quote that grabbed my attention was from letter five of "Letters from an American Farmer". It said "After many trials, several miscarriages, they succeeded". This quote was talking about fisherman starting off catching smaller fish, but with determination eventually started catching whales. This point is very valid in America today. The topic I have chosen to relate this quote with is the music industry. This is exactly what every up and coming band has to go through in America. Pure hard work and determination, never giving up and grabbing all oppurtunites is the only way to succeed. A perfect example of this is Ozzy Osbourne. Ozzy was born in the UK, and his parents had to constantly work in order to provide for Ozzy and his five siblings. He dropped out of school, got arrested and couldnt pay the fine so spent time in prison. The one passion he had was music, so he created many bands, eventually staying with Black Sabbath. He played every concert he could get his hands on, and his talent soon became reconised through sheer work and became majorly successful in America, spending the majority of his time there. Despite his past, he has still managed to create 9 studio albums and topped the charts on many occassions because he refused to give up. Ozzy Osbourne is a good example of the rags to riches theory and De Crevecoeur quote of " After many trials, several miscarriages, they succeeded". This story proves the point that the American Dream still exists today.

Friday, October 22, 2010

An account of early American settlement by Bartolome de las Casas

Bartolome de las Casas was one of the early settlers of America, a religious man who transcribed much of Chritopher Columbus's journal. Through these journals and his own accounts, Casas was driven to oppose the teatment of Native Americans. His works the 'History of the Indies' is a go-to piece for anybody wishing to understand the impact of settlement in early America on the indigenous population.

Perhaps the most important aspect of Casas's works are his views on Native American society and culture as oppose to his own. There are many extracts worth quoting at length like those wich follow.

''Marriage laws are non-existent men and women alike choose their mates and leave them as they please, without offense, jealousy or anger. They multiply in great abundance; pregnant women work to the last minute and give birth almost painlessly; up the next day, they bathe in the river and are as clean and healthy as before giving birth. If they tire of their men, they give themselves abortions with herbs that force stillbirths, covering their shameful parts with leaves or cotton cloth; although on the whole, Indian men and women look upon total nakedness with as much casualness as we look upon a man's head or at his hands.''

This is useful to understand the stark differences in social standards between European civilisation and Native America, Casas expresses interest in the laid back casual nature whch is apparently alien to him.

''large communal bell-shaped buildings, housing up to 600 people at one time ... made of very strong wood and roofed with palm leaves.... They prize bird feathers of various colors, beads made of fishbones, and green and white stones with which they adorn their ears and lips, but they put no value on gold and other precious things. They lack all manner of commerce, neither buying nor selling, and rely exclusively on their natural environment for maintenance. They are extremely generous with their possessions and by the same token covet the possessions of their friends and expect the same degree of liberality. ...''

This is an interesting portrayel of commune which persisted in American tribes where European settlers valued materialistic posessions and social status. Casas paints a community which values each member and rejects the idea of a social hierarchy to the same extent as Europe.

''Endless testimonies . .. prove the mild and pacific temperament of the natives.... But our work was to exasperate, ravage, kill, mangle and destroy; small wonder, then, if they tried to kill one of us now and then.... The admiral, it is true, was blind as those who came after him, and he was so anxious to please the King that he committed irreparable crimes against the Indians.

Mountains are stripped from top to bottom and bottom to top a thousand times; they dig, split rocks, move stones, and carry dirt on their backs to wash it in the rivers, while those who wash gold stay in the water all the time with their backs bent so constantly it breaks them; and when water invades the mines, the most arduous task of all is to dry the mines by scooping up pansful of water and throwing it up outside....

Thus husbands and wives were together only once every eight or ten months and when they met they were so exhausted and depressed on both sides ... they ceased to procreate. As for the newly born, they died early because their mothers, overworked and famished, had no milk to nurse them, and for this reason, while I was in Cuba, 7000 children died in three months. Some mothers even drowned their babies from sheer desperation.... in this way, husbands died in the mines, wives died at work, and children died from lack of milk . .. and in a short time this land which was so great, so powerful and fertile ... was depopulated. ... My eyes have seen these acts so foreign to human nature, and now I tremble as I write. ...''

Casas shows concern for Native American society and culture through European settlement. Early on in his works he portrays them as peaceful people who live off the land, an example to many. However it seems almost as if Casas displays regret of settlement, European greed and culture had turned these people in to slaves for personal gain. Commerce had robbed the indies of its srenity that drove many, like Casas, to adore.

Casas's books are useful to us in studying the settlemnt of America, not as an advancement in to a new industrial age of international commerce, but as a stark reminder of the cruelty which was displayed and which laid the foundatios of America. It could be argued that America's history has always been a violent one.

Wednesday, October 20, 2010


9am - posts from Lara, Tom and Emily; nothing from Grace or Becky.

The topic was to post examples of either a) any account by an early settler to the US or an account by a native American of the same period. It's in the module handbook.

Emily - you did it correctly with John White

Tom - you've given a general survey - not an account by a settler or a native

Lara - you've done the same as Tom

Take a look at the other group's blog

They are no cleverer than you are, they are just reading the instructions properly and everyone is posting in time. This group has got to start doing the same.

Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Native american tribes

Over four hundred years ago, English colonists trying to settle on Roanoke Island
encountered many Native Americans along the coast. At that time more than thirty
Native American tribes were living in present-day North Carolina. They spoke languages
derived from three language groups, the Siouan, Iroquoian, and Algonquian.
Where did these Native Americans come from? Who were their prehistoric ancestors?
How do we know anything at all about them?
None of the prehistoric Native Americans who lived in North America had developed
any sort of written language. They relied instead on oral traditions, such as storytelling,
to keep records of their origins, myths, and histories. Our present knowledge of
prehistoric inhabitants of this state depends on rare early historical accounts and,
especially, on information gained through archaeology.
Prehistoric Native Americans
Archaeologists can trace the ancestry of Native Americans to at least twelve thousand
years ago, to the time of the last Ice Age in the Pleistocene epoch. During the Ice Age,
ocean levels dropped and revealed land that had
previously been under the Bering Sea. Native
American ancestors walked on that land from
present-day Siberia to Alaska. Evidence suggests
that their population grew rapidly and that they
settled throughout Canada, the Great Plains, and the
Eastern Woodlands, which included the North
Carolina area.
The climate on the eastern seaboard was wetter and
cooler twelve thousand years ago. Many species of
animals roamed the forests and grasslands of our
area, including now extinct examples of elephants
(mastodons), wild horses, ground sloths, and giant
bison. Other animals, now absent from the
Southeast, included moose, caribou, elk, and
Conjectured migration routes of the
first Americans. Courtesy of the N.C.
Office of Archives and History.
2 ©2005 North Carolina Museum of History
Office of Archives and History, N.C. Department of Cultural Resources
Paleo-Indians, as archaeologists call those first people, hunted for these animals in groups
using spears. They used the animals’ meat, skins, and remaining parts for food, clothing,
and other needs. They also spent considerable time gathering wild plant foods and may
have caught shellfish and fish. These first inhabitants of North Carolina were nomads,
which means they moved frequently across the land in search of food and other
Descendants of the Paleo-Indians are called Archaic Indians. They occupied eastern
North America from about 9000 to 2000 B.C. As the Ice Age ended, the types of forests
in the Southeast gradually changed and became more like those of today. Archaic
Indians adapted their techniques of gathering, hunting, and fishing to the environments of
this new Holocene epoch.

This is just a short extract about the native americans settling in North Carolina by Stephen R. Claggett. Here the account tells us that native americans hunted using spears and when they killed an animal they used pretty much all of the animal, not just to eat the meat. One bit of the article that I find most interesting is the animals mentioned in it that we no longer hear about today; "caribou and elk". Futhermore also the three different languages used, Siouan, Iroquoian, and Algonquian. Clearly the article shows us that the native americans were very resourceful and could travel around quite easily as long as they could find animals to kill.

Native Americans Settlement

"Colonial Pennsylvania was a cosmopolitan home to Enlgish, Welsh, Scots-Irish, Germans, French Hugenots, Jews, Dutch and Africans, who colonised the colonised the state amid the Native American population of Lenni Lenage, Shawnee and other tribes. Germans put down roots in the central part of the state; Scots-Irish struggled on the frontier. Most Africans initially arrived as slaves, eventually creatingfree bnlack communities in the C18th after emancipation.

European immigrants to America usually settled in regions according to ethnic and religous affiliations. Ethinicity, language, denominational membership, and kinship all played apart in settlement. Travellers of the same regions and there country of origin often joined together on the journey or settled near relatives or friends.

The first noticable element of this source is the use of the technique of listing, by listing various points the source higlights whats important. First of all is the description of which nationalities settled into America "a cosmopolitan home to English, Welsh, Scots Irish, Swedes, Germans ect" . The reader immediatly picks up on the wide variety of Nationality's through the long list of origins,initially british based, then extending to other areas of Europe. This mix of cultures is why America can sometimes be derogativaly reffered to as the global melting pot of cultures. This eurocentric theme of settlement is challenged by the introduction of Africans, the source informs how afro-american settlement developed from them being introduced as slaves to their modern day fight for freedom.

This source is pro settlement due to the attention paid in the second paragraph to the postive aspects of settlement, the employment of words such as membership and kinship distinguish this positive view. In contrast to the attention paid towards the newcomers, there is very little next to nothing mentioned of the Native americans, just one name of a tribe and there isno mention of the Native plight here. Words which remain with America today all point towards the ideal of unification, leading to the United States Of America. That said the source is not unrealistic in the fact that it also draws attention to the struggle for colonization that ensued between the europeans, over geographical points "the germans put down roots in the center, while the scots irish struggled on the frontier". This two sided opinion makes the source a useful peice of information when analyzing the colonization of Penslyvania.

John Smith's account details the first voyage of exploration to Virginia

About the tenth of September there was about 46. of our men dead, at which time Captaine Wingefield having ordred the affaires in such sort that he was generally hated of all, in which respect with one consent he was deposed from his presidencie, and Captaine Ratcliffe according to his course was elected.
Our provision now being within twentie dayes spent, the Indians brought us great store both of Corne and bread ready made: and also there came such aboundance of Fowles into the Rivers, as greatly refreshed our weake estates, where uppon many of our weake men were presently able to goe abroad.
As yet we had no houses to cover us, our tents were rotten and our Cabbins worse than nought: our best commodities was Yron which we made into little chissels.
As at this time were most of our chiefest men either sicke or discontented, the rest being in such dispaire, as they would rather starve and rot with idleness, then be persuaded to do any thing for their owne reliefe without constraint: our victualles being now within eighteene dayes spent, and the Indians trade decreasing, I was sent to the mouth of the river to Kegquohtan an Indian Towne, to trade for Corne, and try the river for Fish, but our fishing we could not effect by reason of the stormy weather. The Indians thinking us neare famished, with carelesse kindnes, offered us little pieces of bread and small handfulls of beanes or wheat, for a hatchet or a piece of copper: In like maner I entertained their kindnes, and in like scorne offered them like commodities, but the Children, or any that shewe extraordinary kundnes, I liberally confronted with free gifte such trifles as wel contented them.

In this short entry John Smith is explaining about how the men were struggling to survive and mentions at the beginning that many have already died. They have not built houses yet and are running out of food. Smith writes about how the men would rather starve then help themselves.
I picked this entry because of the month that John Smith is writing, he says "About the tenth of September..." It is not even the Winter yet, let alone the beginning of Autumn and they are already struggling. Smith then goes on is own to trade with the Indians.
The part I find revealing is how Smith calls them Indians, he doesn't refer to them as 'savages' or 'animals'. This, I think, shows that he is on good terms with them, and can communicate with them well.
This is show towards the end of the entry, after the Indians have prepared food for him to take, Smith in return 'entertained their kindnes'.

Wednesday, October 13, 2010


Thanks Emily, Tom and Grace for this week's posts.

We don't have them yet from Lara or Becky, but I think perhaps that is due to illness.

Tuesday, October 12, 2010

I have chosen to look at what Canadians think of America, seeing as they are neighbours.

A Mexican, A Canadian, And An American are walking together down a road, when they stumble upon a lamp with a genie in it.After they rub the lamp, a Genie pops out and says"Okay, you all get 1 wish each, who's going first?"
The Mexican says"Oh, ME, ME!" "I want A 2-mile wide road across Mexico"
Genie, "Granted!" POOF!
American, "Now me! I want a 20 foot brick wall around all of the USA to keep the Canadians out"
Genie, "Granted!" POOF
Genie, "Okay Canadian, It's Your turn!"
Canadian, "Is that wall you put around the USA waterproof?"
Genie, "Yup!"
Canadian, "Fill 'er Up!"

Some Canadians hate the idea of having their country dependant on another, and wish for Canada to be more independent. It could be because they are so dependent on the United States that it angers them into dislike of the United States. They don't want to be dependent, they want there own stuff.
"I don't WANT to see America on every corner in Canada! Just because the United States basically runs everything Canadian nowadays does not mean I want it to! I want Canada to be Canadian! NOT AMERICAN!"

After reading a few forums where people have asked questions on Canada vs America I have found that views vary from coast to coast, for example people who live in Vancouver on the West coast have a very different opinion to Los Angeles then people who live in Ontario. "Seagurl" said that she 'wouldn't feel safe knowing that people carry guns.'
There is also this feeling that Canadians think Americans don't care about them until something like the Winter Olympics comes along and they're all over the news. More Canadians visit America then the other way round and it drives them nuts to think that America does not no much about Canada.
"I've grown up with you and I know you and love you USA, but you don't recognize me! You don't even know I, Canada, exists! And you don't care!" Robnator

I have also found from reading and personal experience that Canadians find it offensive if you ask them "Where about's in America are you from?" However they then find that when you tell the person you are from Canada the get treated differently (in a positive way).

A truly Canadian Apology to the USA, courtesy of Rick Mercer from This Hour Has 22 Minutes, CBC Television:
'Hello. I'm Anthony St. George on location here in Washington.
On behalf of Canadians everywhere I'd like to offer an apology to the United States of America. We haven't been getting along very well recently and for that, I am truly sorry. I'm sorry we called George Bush a moron. He is a moron, but it wasn't nice of us to point it out. If it's any consolation, the fact that he's a moron shouldn't reflect poorly on the people of America. After all, it's not like you actually elected him.

I'm sorry about our softwood lumber. Just because we have more trees than you, doesn't give us the right to sell you lumber that's cheaper and better than your own.

I'm sorry about our waffling on Iraq. I mean, when you're going up against a crazed dictator, you want to have your friends by your side. I realize it took more than two years before you guys pitched in against Hitler, but that was different. Everyone knew he had weapons.

I'm sorry we burnt down your White House during the War of 1812. I see you've rebuilt it! It's very nice.

I'm sorry for Alan Thicke, Shania Twain, Celine Dion, Loverboy, that song from Seriff that ends with a really high-pitched long note. Your beer. I know we had nothing to do with your beer, but we feel your pain.

And finally on behalf of all Canadians, I'm sorry that we're constantly apologizing for things in a passive-aggressive way which is really a thinly veiled criticism. I sincerely hope that you're not upset over this. Because we've seen what you do to countries you get upset with.

Iran's Views On America

On this link there are many Cartoons by Massoud Shojai Tabatabai. He is Irans top cartoonist and is editor-in-cheif for the Iranian monthly cartoon magazine "Kayhan". The cartoons on this website show many Iranian's views on the current war in the middle east. Many Iranian's believe in anti-Americanism, which is hostility or opposition to the people, policies or Government of the United States.

Each cartoon posted onto this website is Anti-America, and because Massoud Shojai Tabatabai is a highly successful and respected journalist, these sources can be seen as valid and reliable to a certain extent. To counteract this, because he is Iranian himself, he may have a biased view on the matter.

Iran has had anti-Americanism views for a long time. From the Tehran Crisis in 1979 (52 US citezens held captive for 444 days for the Iranian Revolution), Iran percieved the United States as "inept, pagan military giant that could not even rescue its own hostages because God was on the other side".

More currently, Iranian's view America's interception into the Middle East, causing a war, as meddling. The Iranian Government sent Hussan Taheri Khoramabadi to address tens of thousands of worshippers. In this speech he quoted "America's meddling was part of a plot to destroy Irans economy" and then goes on to expand on the quote by saying "America wants to prove to the European and our neighbours countries and the middle eastern countries that there is no stability in Iran, that theres anarchy here" and "That way others would not have relations and do buisness with Iran". The crowd replied "DEATH TO AMERICA". This shows that a majority of the Iranian public have anti-americanism views, and do not agree with the American "meddling" in Irans buisness. [1]


Walmarts In America

This is a map displaying all the Walmart superstores over the United States of America. Walmarts first store opened in 1962, but there are now 4,227 stores across the USA alone. This map, taken in 2009, shows just how have Americas commercial buisness have grown in just under 50 years. There are now over 7,000 Walmarts throughout the world. This demonstrates how much a capitalist superstore can spread its ideology across the globe. Other countries investing in Walmart shows just how much foreign countries and nations respect the capitalist view.

"Failed special forces rescue missions and allegations of covering up friendly fire deaths have dogged the US military for decades."

I have chosen this article from the the British website I think it is a good example of negative feelings towards America and the war in Iraq. The article is about friendly fire cover ups that the USA have done in order to take blame away from themselves from their own wrong doings and mistakes. This is a classic example of America's attempts to maintain a respected international image. Having taken the role of a 'world police', mild forms of media censorship regarding international conflicts has been necessary for America to uphold its reputation. When information like this is leaked it becomes easy for countries to criticise America's foreign policy, and therefore is significant as a way to understand how America is viewed.

Turkey's Anti- America views

The Author beginnings with stating that it’s hard to believe to the extent of how Anti America, the Turkish public really are. He also goes on the say how the variety of their hatred differs from Religious believes to secular leftists is “a reality that has to be reckoned with.”

There are Three ‘critical factors’ in which these ideas are shown. One being In the 70’s after Turkey invaded Cyprus to prevent the slaughter of the island’s Turks based on its agreement to keep the Status quo which was disrupted by the Greek coup, imposed was America arms embargo which lasted two years. Another is the apparent U.S ‘unshaken’ support of Israel against the Palestine’s plight and misery.

The author continues saying that as a result, everything America does in the region and every demand on Turkey is met with great resistance both official and public.
This source was written on 14th February, 2010. Therefore is it to extend reliable being that it is quite updated and resent. In the context of the author, and him being a professor of political sociology at a Turkish University gives the impression that he knows what he’s talking about